Ravenna Italy churches

Ravenna Italy churches

You may say the Ravenna is the city of churches. Some of the famous Ravenna Italy churches are:

Basilica di San Vitale:

Basilica di San Vitale is one of the most important Ravenna Italy churches and falls among the greatest historic architectures of Italy. Each and every piece of art, inscribed on the building is the resemblance of a Roman genre of Middle Ages. The Byzantine form of art started flourishing in the fifth century AD.  However, construction of this church started in the year 527 and it took 20 long years to get it completed. The church falls under the jurisdiction of the province of Ravenna, which is considered as the hub of architecture and art of Italy. Basilica di San Vitale got itself included in the prestigious list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1996.


The architecture of the church is a fusion of typical Roman Catholic genre and Byzantine style. The main building has a dome, door patterns, stepped towers are symbolic of Roman architecture. Whereas the buttress has an extension of arched structure symmetrical to the Constantinople, depicts the Byzantine form.


Two superimposed ambulatories surround the central part of the building. You can witness the stories of the Old Testament like the sacrifice of Issac or life of Moses, inscribed on the mosaic tiles. Another notable feature of the church is Terracotta form. The central part of the vault contains a number of cylindrical hollow pillars, one inserted into another.

Battistero Neoniano:

Battistero Neoniano or Baptistery of Neon is another one of the most Ravenna Italy churches and probably the oldest monument in the city of Ravenna. This architecture is registered under the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site. The unique feature of the monument is an influence of both Roman and Greek genre of art representing the human figure.

Ancient Roman Empire did have some imperial bathing complexes for public use. Romans erected this structure partly on such a massive mansion. It was Bishop Neon who start the construction of it in the 4th century, credited for erecting the octagonal shape of the hall. They used bricks to build these structures, which represents the seven days of a weekend and the eighth one stands for the day of Resurrection and Eternal life. The Bishop Neon completed the building construction in the 5th century and this is why it was named after him.

The ceiling of the main building an image of Jesus in the Jordan river with waist-height water. It also features the holy prophet John the Baptist. A piece of inscription depicts twelve disciplines of Jesus, proceeding in two different directions and finally, Saint Peter meets Saint Paul. Another piece of art is there featuring the human emblem of the Jordan river, holding a stick and clothes.



San Giovanni Evangelista:

San Giovanni Evangelista is a real gem among all the remnants of Roman and Byzantine mosaic-based art, the historical city of Ravenna possess. This is a Catholic church built in the 5th century by the Romanian emperor Galla Placidia. However, it went through a process of artistic renovation with Gothic touch in the 14th century and today this historical monument bears the sign of it with pride. The west facade has an inscription of the long arched porch which was partly destroyed in Second World War. The monument has two massive bells cast in a square compile of 139-foot height.

The central nave is well maintained by the staff and its spacious and bright look will mesmerize any visitor at the first glance. During the bombing of 1994, these portions were partly destroyed, but later it was repaired and renovated in such perfection that today one can hardly detect any sign of it. The building is situated in a marshy land which is subjected to gradual submerging into water. The base of San Giovanni Evangelista was raised periodically through the centuries and today it is standing five feet higher than its original position. Instead of this, the Byzantine art of the columns is still intact.

In conclusion, you can find a lot of  churches in ravenna and enjoy the historical world of this city.

Share this post